What is RoHS Certification?
RoHS is a directive under which all the products are tested for the top 10 banned substances and the test aims at confirming the level of threshold of RoHS.
This abbreviation stands for Restrictions on Hazardous Substances and it was passed in 2003 and further, updated with some new restrictions from time to time. Under this, all the manufacturers of electronics require you to provide evidence that all products are free from any chemicals.
The RoHS 3, the newest version of the RoHS has included a list of 10 banned substances such as Cadmium, Mercury, Lead, Hexavalent Chromium, and so on. These substances have a limit of around 1000 ppm except cadmium, with a limit of 100 ppm
Why do you need RoHS Certification?
When you are indulging in anything related to environmental regulations and their compliance, then there is no other substitute rather than acquiring a thorough knowledge about all associated rules. The EU (European Union) has some set of stringent rules and standards, such as RoHS is one among them that is considered vital. RoHS compliance is so crucial for all people who are competing internationally in the electronics market. Therefore, we are here to discuss all aspects of RoHS that every electronic manufacturer needs to know first.
Is RoHS compliance significant?
Yes, it is too important from the environmental point of view and it is all about reducing pollutants. Therefore, it is vital to comply with all standards and not to use any of the banned substances in any case at all.
Method of RoHS testing
There are several different methods of RoHS testing, which are used according to the purpose:
Non-destructive analysis based on X-ray fluorescence.
Wet chemical analysis, which is suitable for complex compounds and provides more accurate testing. Its results are very precise and can be used for verification of anomalies that were discovered after the XRF screening.
XRF screening, which is convenient, easy and fast, and identifies any hazardous compounds. Usually, this method is used to get full information about an end product.
Steps towards RoHS compliance
If you want to sell electrical products in the EU market, you have to familiarize yourself with the RoHS Directive and follow the procedure for RoHS compliance:
1. Provide an explanation of environmental requirements monitoring for your product.
2. Create an action plan.
3. Organize appropriate testing.
4. Draw up a Declaration of Conformity (DoC) that includes:
– ID number with the product name and version, manufacturer’s data, and sign;
– Product image and description;
– Compliance requirements;
– Issue date;
– Name and signature of the responsible person.
5. Conformity marking.
RoHS non-compliance: risks for manufacturers
If a company does not pay enough attention to RoHS, but its products are mentioned in the RoHS Directive, this can lead to serious risks, such as:
Financial loss due to the inability to access the EU market and gain profits.
Reputation loss in case of publications about hazardous components in your products.
Problems in proving compliance if you do not have enough information on your supply chain.
Loss of time as your staff will be involved in all these compliance issues instead of doing their job
Which companies get affected by RoHS?
RoHS Directive prohibits a number of chemicals that may be used in the production of electronic goods, their sub-assemblies, or components. All companies operating in EU countries must follow these rules, starting from manufacturers and ending with distributors.
Do the regulations of RoHS mandatory all around Europe?
Yes, EE (Electronic & Electronic Equipment) must pass the inspection of RoHS to get sold in any of the European nations. Note that each member of the EU mention implements the regulations of RoHS in a different way, thus electronics manufacturers always planning to import some products into the need of the European Union requires to be aware not just of the directives of the EU, but of some individual methods that every nation uses to execute it.
Are there any exemptions from the regulations of RoHS?
Some specific categories, as well as applications, are presently exempted from the compliance of RoHS. All exemptions cover up all different kinds of military, scientific, industrial, and medical equipment, and renewable energy. Spare parts for all equipment kept on the market exempted from the compliances of RoHS before July 1st,2006.
Does it apply to other products rather than electronics?
Technically, it is a big no but the manufacturing procedures of products in the European Nations are for sale that in line with the registration across the EU, Authorization, Evaluation, and Restriction of Chemicals directive (REACH). All substances restricted by the RoHS compliance are also restricted somehow by REACH, thus if any product is not under the compliance of RoHS, then it is more likely to be compliant with REACH as well.
All in all, it is implemented in all electronic products rather than some exceptional ones. So, it is valid only for five years and RoHS Certification is required after some new designs, sourcing procedures, or other raw materials.
Professional help with RoHS compliance
360Compliance team provides project management and consulting services related to RoHS certification for companies aiming to enter the EU market. Note that electronic products are certified for five years only, and additional RoHS Certification is required after changes in certain raw materials or design features.
Therefore, it is worth engaging 360Compliance professionals in this area, who guarantee:
- Fixed and transparent pricing policy;
- Strict observance of deadlines;
- Full turnkey project management;
- Support at all the steps of certification;
- Testing and certification for a variety of purposes;
- Access to the global market in more than 195 countries.
If you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact the 360Compliance team and get professional help that will contribute to the development of your company.