Regulatory Testing from Start to Certificate

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    Over-the-Air (OTA) Testing

    Are you planning to launch products with integrated wireless capabilities? Understanding the critical role of Over-the-Air (OTA) Testing is essential. OTA testing evaluates the wireless functionality and dependability of devices like smartphones, IoT gadgets, and smartwatches, focusing on their antenna efficiency. This ensures strong and stable connections, which is crucial for maintaining device performance under various conditions. At 360Compliance, we specialise in conducting comprehensive OTA testing, providing you with the assurance that your products meet rigorous wireless communication standards. Whether avoiding costly design errors or meeting specific telecom operator criteria, our expert guidance simplifies the certification process, enhancing your product’s market readiness and user satisfaction.

    What is OTA Testing?

    OTA testing is a technique for evaluating the wireless functionality and dependability of wireless equipment with integrated antennas. We use these types of technologies daily basis, such as smartphones, IoT (Internet of Things) gadgets, and various trackers like smartwatches. To establish a wireless connection, it is important to check the efficiency of the antennas. This will help ensure that the connection is strong and stable. 

    The gadget undergoing testing is put in a testing environment within a testing room to execute an OTA testing. Any external information is blocked from entering the test chamber. The purpose of the OTA testing procedure is to guarantee that the device performs well in all situations.

    Why is it Critical to Conduct Over-the-air Testing?

    When it comes to making a buying choice, people value great wireless capabilities. A well-functioning wireless gadget establishes a company reputation and ensures that users receive the service they want. There are numerous other reasons to conduct an OTA test.

    Performing OTA testing early in the process can prevent costly design mistakes. If a device is released and the maker discovers that the phone’s wireless functionality is poor, it can drastically damage a company’s brand, not to mention the expense of recall.

    Having a good OTA test result can be helpful in benchmarking. Additionally, some of the major telecom operators have specific OTA criteria that require the device to undergo OTA testing. Generally, OTA testing verifies that the receiver is suitable to be marketed.

    What products/technologies commonly require OTA Testing?

    Various products and technologies commonly require OTA testing to validate their functionality. Some of these include:

    1. Mobile Devices (Smartphones and Tablets): OTA testing is crucial for evaluating the wireless performance of mobile devices, including signal strength, data throughput, and call quality.
    2. Wireless Networks (Wi-Fi and Cellular Networks): Testing the performance of wireless networks, such as Wi-Fi and cellular networks (3G, 4G, 5G), is essential to ensure seamless connectivity, data transfer rates, and network reliability.
    3. Automotive Communication Systems: Modern vehicles incorporate wireless communication systems for features like in-car entertainment, telematics, and vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication. 
    4. IoT Devices: IoT devices often rely on wireless communication protocols. OTA test ensures that these devices can reliably communicate, minimizing interference and ensuring optimal performance.
    5. Wearables: Smartwatches, fitness trackers, and other wearables rely on OTA tests to ensure seamless connectivity and data transfer.

     

    OTA Testing Process

    The specific steps involved in OTA testing can vary depending on the device and the testing objectives. However, the general process typically involves the following stages:

    1. Test Setup: The devices are placed in an OTA chamber to simulate real-world usage conditions.
    2. Signal Generation: Wireless signals simulate RF conditions encountered during device use.
    3. Performance Evaluation: Parameters such as signal strength, data transfer rates, and antenna performance are measured and analyzed.
    4. Interference Testing: The devices undergo testing in the presence of interference to assess their ability to maintain connectivity and performance in challenging environments.
    5. Comprehensive Analysis: Thorough data analysis identifies issues and areas for improvement.

     

    The Future of OTA Testing has Arrived

    Although using wires to link smartphones to test hardware is the most practical and cost-effective way, it doesn’t accurately reflect how these gadgets react in actual life. As gadgets are becoming more connected, it’ll become increasingly difficult to do so. As cellular carriers move to higher bands in order to gain bigger bandwidths for 5G compatibility, this poses considerable issues.

    The testing should be carried out wirelessly or over the air to evaluate smartphones in conditions that are comparable to those that consumers encounter. As a result, engineers could see exactly what happens as electromagnetic signals travel through the air from user hardware to the ground network and from the base system to user hardware.

    Conclusion

    As cellular technology advances, OTA testing becomes indispensable for ensuring the reliability and performance of wireless devices. It not only meets current standards but also prepares for the evolving landscape of 5G networks, where wireless connectivity and data absorption rates play a crucial role. Embracing the OTA test is essential for companies aiming to deliver high-quality, reliable wireless products to consumers.

    Other Certifications

    CE Certification

    Why is CE Certification Important? CE certification confirms that the product entered the market legally, has all the permits, and does not pose any threat to human health or the safety and integrity of the environment. Thus, the CE mark signals both buyers and official regulators about the successful completion of all testing and certifying procedures. What Countries Require CE Compliance? The mandatory CE certification applies to products entering the market of all 30 countries of the European Economic Area (EEA). It also covers Switzerland and Turkey, the United Kingdom, which have signed a number of bilateral agreements with the EU, including the CE marking requirement. Additionally, the UK indefinitely recognizes the EU's CE mark for various manufactured goods placed on the UK market. European Economic Area Countries Other Countries Austria Denmark Hungary Lithuania Portugal Switzerland Belgium Estonia Iceland Luxembourg Romania Turkey Bulgaria Finland Ireland Malta Slovakia UK Croatia France Italy Netherlands Slovenia   Republic of Cyprus Germany Latvia Norway Spain   Czech Republic Greece Liechtenstein Poland Sweden   Which Products Need a CE Mark? To determine whether a product requires CE certification, manufacturers should consult the relevant EU directives and harmonized standards. Notified bodies, independent organizations authorized to assess product compliance with EU directives, can also provide guidance. Product Category Examples Electrical equipment Household appliances, power tools, lighting, cables Toys Dolls, action figures, toy cars, construction sets Machinery Industrial machinery, agricultural machinery, construction machinery Medical devices Surgical instruments, implants, diagnostic equipment Construction products Cement, steel, windows, doors Personal protective equipment Safety helmets, goggles, gloves, boots Pressure equipment Gas cylinders, boilers, pressure cookers Gas appliances Cookers,  heaters, gas water heaters Aerosols Spray paint, deodorants, insecticides Telecommunications equipment Mobile phones, routers, modems Radio equipment Radios, televisions, Bluetooth devices Lifts Escalators, elevators, dumbwaiters Explosive devices Fireworks, detonators, ammunition Products That May Be Sold Without a CE Mark Not all products imported into the listed countries require CE marking certification. In particular, goods belonging to the following categories, which are covered by other Directives, are subject to a different type of certification: Chemical products Cosmetics Food products Pharmaceuticals How to Obtain CE Certification? Obtaining a CE certificate involves a systematic process: Identify Applicable Directives The Directives include general safety requirements for products placed on the market. The specific parameters and technical requirements are detailed in the harmonized standards. If a product does not fall under any Directives requiring CE marking, it must still comply with a document outlining general safety requirements. Directive Number Product Category 2014/35/EU Low Voltage Directive (LVD) 2014/30/EU Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) 2014/29/EU Simple Pressure Vessels Directive 2009/125/EC Ecodesign for Energy-related Products 2000/14/EC Noise Emission for Outdoor Equipment 2009/48/EC Toy Safety Regulation (EU) No 305/2011 Construction Products 2006/42/EC Machinery Regulation (EU) 2016/425 Personal Protective Equipment 2014/31/EU Non-automatic Weighing Instruments Regulation (EU) 2016/426 Appliances Burning Gaseous Fuels 2014/28/EU Explosives for Civil Uses Regulation (EU) 2017/745 Medical Devices 90/385/EEC Active Implantable Medical Devices 98/79/EC In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices 2014/34/EU Equipment and Protective Systems for Use in Explosive Atmospheres (ATEX) 2014/90/EU Marine Equipment Directive 2013/53/EU Recreational Craft 2014/33/EU Lifts 2014/68/EU Pressure Equipment 2014/53/EU Radio Equipment Regulation (EU) 2016/424 Cableway Installations to Carry Persons 2014/32/EU Measuring Instruments 2013/29/EU Pyrotechnic Articles 2011/65/EU Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) Identify the requirements for the product Each Directive specifies essential requirements that a product must meet. To demonstrate conformity, manufacturers must identify applicable 'harmonized European Norms' (hENs), which are standards that offer a presumption of conformity to the essential requirements. These standards vary depending on the product's classification and intended use. Harmonized standards, available on the European Commission’s website, simplify compliance through clear frameworks. Determine if third-party assessment is needed Certain directives may require third-party assessment by a Notified Body (NB), an organization authorized by European authorities. For example, the Medical Devices directive and others mandate the use of an NB. However, the EU has reduced the number of products requiring NB assessment, placing more responsibility on manufacturers. Assess Product Conformity Conduct a thorough assessment of your product to ensure it conforms to the essential requirements outlined in the relevant directives. This step may involve testing and verification processes to demonstrate that your product meets the necessary safety and environmental standards. Compile a Technical File Create a comprehensive technical file that documents every aspect of your product's design, development, and manufacturing process. This technical file, also known as the Technical Construction File, should include technical descriptions, drawings, circuit diagrams, bills of materials, specifications, test reports, and other relevant information. The file serves as evidence of conformity and must be maintained for up to 10 years after the last unit is manufactured. MAKE A DECLARATION AND AFFIX THE CE MARK When satisfied that the product conforms to the applicable CE Marking Directives, the manufacturer must complete a Declaration of Conformity. It includes information about the product, directives, standards applied, and the responsible party in the company.  Following this, affix the CE mark visibly on the product, signaling compliance with EU standards. This is the final stage, after which the product may be launched to the EU and EEA markets. Responsibility of Manufacturers for CE Certification To complete the standard procedure for obtaining the CE mark, manufacturers must find out which EU Directive regulates the access of products of their category to the market and check compliance with all regulations. After that, a conformity assessment is carried out, based on which a technical file is prepared. Further, the EU-authorized body examines the documents, and the manufacturer issues the EC Declaration of Conformity (DoC). When all documents are certified and the CE mark is received, the manufacturer can label with this mark their products and packaging. Responsibility of Distributors for Products with a CE Mark Distributors of goods in the EU market must ensure that the CE conformity mark has not yet expired and that the certificate itself is not fake. They also check the placement of the stamp on the product or its packaging since marking is the responsibility of the manufacturer. What is the Advantage of CE Certification? There are several advantages to CE certification, including: Free movement of goods within the EEA Allows manufacturers to freely circulate their products within the EEA without facing additional technical barriers to trade. Increased market access CE certification can help manufacturers gain access to new markets in the EEA, as well as in other countries that recognize the EC marking. Enhanced product safety Helps to ensure that products meet high standards of safety and environmental protection. Improved consumer confidence CE certification indicates independent compliance with EU safety requirements, boosting consumer confidence. Become CE Certified with 360Compliance The CE marking procedure can be tedious and incomprehensible to non-professionals. However, the 360Compliance team will help you pass all stages of certification quickly, competently, and successfully. You will receive full project management with no hassle. You are also guaranteed technical support and a transparent pricing policy. To start the testing & certification process for obtaining a CE stamp, contact the 360Compliance team in any convenient way and get all the answers and instantly initiate the certification procedure. Frequently Asked Questions About CE Marking For How Long is a CE Certificate Valid? For each product group, a certain validity period is established, but in most cases, it is 3 years. After that, you need to go through the re-certification procedure. However, there are products for which the CE label is valid for 10 years or more. What are the Penalties for the Absence of a CE Compliance Certificate? Punishment for selling goods without the certificates in countries where the CE marking is mandatory varies widely from administrative to criminal liability. The specific article of the law that will be applied depends on the damage that a given product can cause to people or the environment. How to Get a CE Certificate? To obtain the CE stamp, it is necessary to go through a risk assessment procedure for the products offered. For this, you need to study the standards of the specific Directive that regulates access to the market for this type of products, make up a technical file, and pass testing. When all permits are issued, CE marking can be applied to the offered products. How to Authenticate a CE Certificate? You can authenticate a CE label using the official database. Also, it is possible to contact the official authority that issued the certificate and request details on this product. If it turns out that this product is not registered with official institutions, you are dealing with fake certification.

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    EMC Directive 2014/30/EU

    Do you manufacture or sell electrical or electronic equipment in the European Union (EU)? If so, you'll need to ensure your products comply with the Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Directive 2014/30/EU. Wondering how you can streamline the compliance process to ensure your products meet the EU's stringent electromagnetic compatibility requirements? 360 Compliance is here to guide you through every step, ensuring your products not only comply but thrive in the European market. What is CE EMC Certification? CE EMC Certification is a mark that indicates a product's compliance with Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) requirements in the European Union. EMC is crucial because electronic devices emit electromagnetic waves during operation, and without proper EMC measures, these emissions can lead to Electromagnetic Interference (EMI). The CE mark, which stands for Conformité Européenne, is a mandatory certification for products sold within the European Economic Area (EEA). It signifies that a product meets the essential EMC standards set by the European Union to ensure that it won't cause or be susceptible to electromagnetic interference. This interference could affect the proper functioning of other nearby electronic devices. The certification process is guided by Directive 2014/30/EU, which outlines the specific EMC requirements that products must meet to obtain the CE mark. This directive establishes the legal framework for electromagnetic compatibility and mandates that manufacturers thoroughly test their products for compliance. The goal is to guarantee that electronic devices can coexist harmoniously in the European market without causing disruption or compromise in functionality. Which Products Need the CE EMC Mark? If your product falls into the category of devices that can emit electromagnetic waves during operation, it likely requires the CE EMC mark. Here are some examples of products that typically need this certification: Electrical Appliances: Household appliances such as washing machines, refrigerators, and microwave. Information Technology Equipment: Computers, laptops, servers, and networking equipment. Consumer Electronics: This includes a broad range of devices like televisions, audio equipment, and gaming consoles.  Medical Devices: Equipment used in the medical field, such as diagnostic machines and monitoring devices. Telecommunications Equipment: Phones, routers, and other communication devices. Industrial Machinery: Various types of machinery used in industrial settings, like manufacturing equipment and automation systems. Lighting Products: From simple light bulbs to complex lighting systems. Electronic Toys: Children's toys that incorporate electronic components or emit electromagnetic signals during play. Why is EMC Directive Important? Ensuring Market Access: Legal Compliance: CE EMC Certification is a legal requirement for placing products in the EU market. Non-compliance can result in serious consequences, including fines and withdrawal of products from the market. Enhanced Market Credibility: Products with CE EMC Certification signal adherence to high-quality standards, enhancing your brand's credibility and customer trust. Quality Assurance: Product Reliability: EMC Certification ensures that your products can function in the presence of electromagnetic disturbances, making them more reliable. Reduced Interference: Certification reduces the risk of your products causing interference with other electronic devices, preventing potential issues for end-users. How to Get CE EMC Certification? Step-by-Step Guidance: Consultation: Initiate the process with a consultation to understand your product and specific certification needs. Pre-assessment: Identify potential EMC issues and address them before formal testing to expedite the certification process. Testing and Evaluation: Utilize our accredited laboratories for comprehensive emissions and immunity testing. Documentation Support: Our team assists in preparing the necessary technical documentation required for certification. Declaration of Conformity: Once certified, we help you issue the Declaration of Conformity and affix the CE mark to your product. How long will testing take? The EMC CE certification procedure takes 4 to 6 weeks on average. If the product belongs to an industry that is regulated by other directives (e.g. CE RED), it is subject to additional tests, which increases the time required. Manufacturer's Responsibilities Related to EMC CE Certification The company that develops a product shall design it according to EMC CE norms and confirm compliance with the norms by independent laboratory tests. It is also required to: indicate the actual electromagnetic radiation level in the documentation; warn about the possible hazards associated with the use of the device; provide the user with operating instructions; indicate geographical restrictions on the use of the product, if any; keep a register of complaints; store certificates and declarations of conformity for at least 10 years; cooperate with local authorities and provide product samples to the authorities. Quick and Easy EMC CE Certification with 360Compliance Obtaining CE EMC Certification is not just a regulatory obligation; it is a strategic move to ensure your products' quality, compliance, and market competitiveness. By investing in certification, your business can access new markets, build trust with customers, and stay ahead in the dynamic world of electronics. At 360Compliance, we simplify the process, offering expert guidance and tailored solutions to ensure your products meet the highest standards of electromagnetic compatibility. Contact us to get transparent pricing, clear timelines, and technical support at all stages of the procedure.

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    CE Mark Medical Device

    Do you manufacture or plan to sell medical devices in the European Union (EU)? If so, obtaining CE marking for medical devices is essential for legal market access. This signifies compliance with the Medical Devices Regulation (MDR) 2017/745. Looking for a partner to demystify the CE marking process and ensure your medical devices comply with EU regulations? At 360Compliance, we're here to provide guidance and support to address any questions you may have. What is CE MD Certification? CE MD certification is a mandatory requirement for all medical devices that are sold in the European Union. The CE mark is a symbol that indicates that a product has met all of the applicable EU directives and regulations. To obtain CE marking for medical devices, manufacturers must adhere to the regulatory framework outlined in the Medical Devices Regulation (MDR) or the In Vitro Diagnostic Regulation (IVDR). The primary objective of CE approval for medical devices is to ensure the safety, effectiveness, and alignment with the needs of patients and healthcare professionals. The process is regulated by EU Directive 2017/745 and relevant industry regulations, including 90/385/EEC, 93/42/EEC, 98/79/EC, and 722/2012. Which Products Require MDR CE Marking? CE MD marking is mandatory for a wide range of medical devices, including but not limited to: Diagnostic Equipment; Implants; Surgical Instruments; Monitoring Devices; Dental Products; Rehabilitation Equipment. Manufacturers must ensure their products align with specific classifications and requirements outlined in the applicable directives. Which products do not need the CE mark medical device? CE medical device certification is unnecessary if the product does not meet the definition of a medical device outlined in EU Directive 2017/745 (MDR). In that case, other industry regulations, like those governing radio frequency or electromagnetic radiation, are applicable. Additionally, products can be sold without a CE certificate if alternative standards have been set for them, as seen with medicines, food products, cosmetics, and chemicals. CE Certification Process for Medical Devices The CE certification process for medical devices involves several key steps: Legal Requirement CE marking is mandatory for medical devices under the EU Medical Devices Regulation (MDR) or the In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Regulation (IVDR), depending on the nature of the product. Conformity Assessment To obtain CE marking, manufacturers must undergo a conformity assessment, which involves demonstrating that the medical device complies with the relevant essential requirements and standards. Particularly the IEC 60601 series, which specifically addresses the safety and essential performance of medical electrical equipment. Classification of Devices Classifying devices involves categorizing medical devices into different classes based on their risk level. The classification determines the conformity assessment procedure that the manufacturer must follow. Technical Documentation Manufacturers must create and maintain technical documentation supporting the conformity of the medical device. This documentation should cover aspects such as design, manufacturing, risk assessment, and labeling. Notified Bodies In many cases, a Notified Body, an independent third-party organization, is involved in the conformity assessment process. The Notified Body assesses the technical documentation and issues a certificate if the requirements are met. Post-Market Surveillance CE marking is not a one-time event. Manufacturers must continue to monitor their products after they enter the market. Post-market surveillance involves tracking the device's performance, addressing any safety concerns, and updating documentation as needed. Unique Device Identification (UDI) The EU MDR and IVDR require the use of a Unique Device Identification system, allowing for traceability and improved post-market surveillance. The timeframe for issuing the certificate varies depending on the niche and the application of the device. The average time for a Class A device is 4 to 8 weeks. Clinical testing of Class B and C devices can take several months. Benefits of CE Certification for Medical Devices Market Access Achieving CE certification opens the doors to the vast European market, allowing manufacturers to distribute and sell their medical devices within the EU. Compliance with Regulations CE certification ensures that your medical device complies with the stringent regulations and standards set by the European authorities, fostering trust among healthcare professionals and end-users. Enhanced Reputation Displaying the CE mark on your medical devices demonstrates a commitment to quality and safety, enhancing your brand's reputation in the competitive healthcare industry. Risk Mitigation Compliance with CE mark medical device requirements helps mitigate legal and financial risks associated with non-compliance, ensuring that your products meet the highest safety and performance standards. Why Choose 360Compliance For CE Approval For Medical Devices? We provide a full range of CE certification services for medical devices. Our employees provide assistance with all the stages of this procedure from evaluating the legal environment and determining the class of equipment to the paperwork and cooperation with authorized bodies. We guarantee transparent prices, clear deadlines, and convenient technical support. Get your certificate quickly and with a minimum of effort by leaving an application on our website to learn more about our services!

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