In order to sell electronic/ Wireless products within the United States of America, products must be certified in reference to the relevant legislation under FCC Certification, OSHA, CPSC, DoE, and other Federal and state law requirements. Else, suppliers can be exposed to fines and blocking in the custom.
This article will touch the base of the most common FCC mark requirements:
- FCC approval- EMC – Electromagnetic compatibility Directive
- FCC approval – Radio Certification
Manufacturers and their supply chain carry a legal liability to follow the relevant legislations subjected to their product’s intend to use and technology.
FCC CERTICIAION REGULATION
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) regulates all Electronics and Wireless products in all 50 states and other USA territories. Any Electronic device must be in compliance with FCC regulations and any Intentional radiators must have FCC ID. Main FCC requirements are:
EMC – FCC CERTIFICAION PART 15B
All electric devices or installations influence each other when interconnected or close to each other, e.g. interference between TV sets, GSM handsets, radios, and nearby washing machines or electrical power lines. The purpose of electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) is to keep all those side effects under reasonable control. FCC EMC rules refer only to Radiated & Conducted emissions.
RADIO – FCC APPROVAL PART15C & FCC PARTS 20-201
FCC radio certification is required for placing radio equipment on the market.Any Intentional radiator should be tested and submitted for a TCB review ( the responsible party by the FCC to review the request and to submit the product under the FCC Website with his own FCC ID).
The process includes the following:
- Testing – In-band and out of band Radio tests i.e. Bandage, Mask , PSD, Peak gain, Spurious, etc.
- Grantee code and FRN under FCC in order to establish an account and issue FCC ID
- File submission – 20+ items for TCB review depends on the type of certification
- TCB review
SAR – RF EXPOSURE & SPECIFIC ABSORPTION RATE
Whenever the radio device used as a portable device with a distance < 20cm from the user, then SAR tests, need to be determined. In any other case, SAR assessment will still be needed.
Whenever using an already certified module, it’s the host manufacturer’s responsibility to verify that the integration in the final host device meets FCC Grantee limitation such as RF Exposure, Multi transmitter procedure and so on.
The host manufacturers should keep records and declare under the SDoC procedure that he in Compliance with all requirements.
The SDoC is a legal liability, and besides the company to be signed on, it should also include the company’s local representative details within the USA. See explanation on SDoC procedure:
FCC – Supplier Declaration of Conformity (SDoC) – Regulation Summary>>
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