360Compliance provides CE EMC certification services for electronics and other products that are concerned with electromagnetic radiation.
What is CE EMC Certification?
EMC CE is equipment electromagnetic compatibility certification that is governed by European Community regulations. In the European Union, it is mandatory for all products that intentionally use electromagnetic radiation for communication or other purposes. The standards and rules for the procedure are set by Directive 2014/30/EU.
Why Is EMC CE Certification Important?
The EMC CE certification procedure is mandatory for all electronics sold in 28 EU countries. With this document, you have access to this market, which is the third largest in the world in terms of sales after the USA and China. CE standards are equivalent to national standards in Australia, Switzerland, Turkey, and some countries in the Middle East and North Africa, making them more valuable for manufacturers.
Which Products Need the CE EMC Mark?
The EMC CE testing is applicable to all devices that intentionally emit electromagnetic waves. 360Compliance specialists most often work with the following types of equipment:
- Smartphones and cell phones;
- Laptops, tablets, and desktop computers;
- Radio frequency identifiers (RFID);
- Medical equipment;
- Household appliances;
- Security systems;
- Industrial equipment;
- TVs and monitors;
- Children’s toys;
- Engineering infrastructure, and so on.
What Products Can Be Sold Without the CE EMC Mark?
CE EMC certification is not mandatory for products that do not emit electromagnetic waves. It is also not required if the electromagnetic radiation is a side effect obtained unintentionally by operating other machinery, for example, a refrigerator compressor or an elevator motor that can be a source of electromagnetic radiation. However, they can be sold without EMC CE certification because such emissions are not part of their basic functions and are not intended by the manufacturer.
How to Apply for CE EMC Certification?
EU directives set out three ways of passing the mandatory EMC CE certification procedure. The simplified method is available to manufacturers who have confirmed that their products comply with the harmonized EU standards. They only need to collect the required package of documents and arrange testing in an independent laboratory
If the harmonized standards are not fully or partially complied with, or no uniform regulations for the industry have been developed, the normal CE EMC rules apply. Tests are carried out under the supervision of an authorized body, which makes the final decision on granting the certificate. A list of such institutions is published in the Official Journal of the European Union (OJEU).
Another method of certification is applied for large companies that operate in accordance with international technical regulations. If they have already had a quality system certification that incorporates the EMC CE provisions, they only need to provide the documentation to the authorized body. The decision will be made based on an examination of its contents.
How to Get CE EMC Certification?
The EMC CE certification process is as follows:
- 360Compliance specialists determine which directives apply to the product.
- The role of the company applying for certification is established.
- Preliminary tests are conducted to identify deficiencies at an early stage.
- The electromagnetic power and sensitivity to electromagnetic radiation are measured.
- Technical documentation is compiled;
- Declaration of Conformity is prepared;
- If necessary, the documents are submitted to the authorized body.
The permissible level of electromagnetic radiation and sensitivity to the background level of EM radiation is specified in Directive 2014/30/EU. To obtain a certificate, the manufacturer must provide technical documentation describing the appearance, functions, interface, and software used by the device. If the product has already been tested for compliance with harmonized EU standards and has been approved for sale in at least one country, the conclusions are also attached to the application.
The EMC CE certification procedure takes 4 to 6 weeks on average. If the product belongs to an industry that is regulated by other directives (e.g. CE RED), it is subject to additional tests, which increases the time required.
Manufacturer’s Responsibilities Related to EMC CE Certification
The company that develops a product shall design it according to EMC CE norms and confirm compliance with the norms by independent laboratory tests. It is also required to:
- indicate the actual electromagnetic radiation level in the documentation;
- warn about the possible hazards associated with the use of the device;
- provide the user with operating instructions;
- indicate geographical restrictions on the use of the product, if any;
- keep a register of complaints;
- store certificates and declarations of conformity for at least 10 years;
- cooperate with local authorities and provide product samples to the authorities.
Responsibilities of Distributors Under the EMC CE Program
The company distributing a product in the European Union must prove the authority given to it by the manufacturer or the developer. Before the start of sales, it must ensure that the products meet the relevant standards. If employees are in doubt as to whether regulations are being complied with, they must cease sales and recall the products they have provided to customers. The distributor has no right to interfere with components that emit electromagnetic waves.
Differences Between CE EMC and EMC Certifications
CE EMC certification is a mandatory procedure in 28 European Union countries. It is also applicable in Turkey, Switzerland, Australia, and some other countries. The name EMC without the “CE” prefix refers to national EMC regulations, including those in effect in individual EU countries, the USA, Brazil, Taiwan, the UK, and others.
Quick and Easy EMC CE Certification with 360Compliance
Our company takes a comprehensive approach and offers a full range of services, from preliminary product assessment and legislative analysis to issuing a certificate or submitting an application to a notified body. Contact us to get transparent pricing, clear timelines, and technical support at all stages of the procedure. To learn more about CE EMC certification, send a request or contact us by phone.